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Full text of "Alexander von Humboldt"

ALEXANDER  VON   HTJMBOLBT.                  89
overgrown with mosses and ferns, and while above,
the volcano is covered with, snow and ice, an eternal
spring reigns in the valleys. Thus surrounded by a
perfect paradise., Huuiboldt and his companion came
to Orotava, and from here they wended their way to-
wards the volcano, a stony path lying through a
beautiful chesnut grove.
Teneriile was indeed calculated, as th,e first tropical
country which Humboldt saw., to heighten his love for
travelling., and to cheer and encourage the mind.
The naturalist Anderson, who accompanied. Cook on
Ms third voyage round the world., advised all the doc-
torn of the world to send their patients to TeneriiFe?
whoro the beauty of nature, and the evergreen picture
of the most fertile vegetation, would give peace and
speedy recovery to the oppressed mind. And he has
not said too much, for Humboldt also describes the
island as an enchanting garden, and he felt the in-
iliienee of this glorious natural picture with an inherent
Honso of beauty., although, to the eyes of geologists,
tho island appears only as atx accumulation of inte-
resting volcanic formations of different ages,
Humboldt asconded the peak with Bonpland, and
made moist interesting observations 'on its formation,
ifcs geological history, and the consequential circles of
thoVogistation surrounding it. But he made here one
vury important general observation, namely, that the
inorganic forms of nature* Huoh as mountains and
rocks,, roRcmhlo each other in the most distant dis-
tricts of tho world., but that organic forms, such as
plant** and aiximala, vary from each other. As Hum-
boldt sailed pa&t the coasts of thiis group of islands
he seemed to recognise known formations of moun-
tain, to be transported even to the Rhine shores near
Bonn, while the forms of the animal and vegetable
world change with the climate, and vary according to
tho depth or altitude of their position. The rocks,
older perhaps than dimatory influences, are the same
in botti hemispheres* But this diversity in plants wd
aaimala, depending 0n the climate, and tlxe height of